This week in history:
- 1499 – Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier (Brittany). This Breton-French-Latin dictionary was written in 1464 by Jehan Lagadeuc. It the the first Breton dictionary as well as the first French dictionary.
- 1757 – Seven Years’ War (Do you know what it was called in America?): Frederick the Great defeats the allied armies of France and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Rossbach.
- 1768 – Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the purpose of which is to adjust the boundary line between Indian lands and white settlements set forth in the Proclamation of 1763 in the Thirteen Colonies.
- 1862 – American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln removes George B. McClellan as commander of the Union Army for the second and final time.
- 1862 – American Indian Wars: In Minnesota, 303 Dakota warriors are found guilty of rape and murder of whites and are sentenced to hang. 38 are ultimately executed and the others reprieved.
- 1872 – Women’s suffrage in the United States: In defiance of the law, suffragist Susan B. Anthony votes for the first time and it later fined $100.
- 1912 – Woodrow Wilson is elected to the presidency of the United States.
- 1916 – The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between the Industrial Workers of the World organizers and local police.
- 1925 – Secret agent Sidney Reilly, the first “super-spy” of the 20th century, is executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union.
- 1955 – After being destroyed in World War II, the rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens with a performance of Beethoven’s Fidelio.
- 2003 – Green River Killer Gary Ridgway pleaded guilty to 48 counts of muder.
- 2009 – US Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan murders 13 and wounds 29 at Fort Hood, Texas in the deadliest mass shooting at a US military installation.
- 1592 – Charles Chauncy, English-American clergyman and educator (d. 1672)
- 1913 – Vivien Leigh, British actress (d. 1967)
- 1985 – Spencer W. Kimball, American religious leader, 12th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
See Wikipedia, “November 5.”